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Amrit Gotame

Environmentalist, Academic as well as scientific content creator for EdTech company, enthusiast towards collecting different information and share with the world.

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science behind hiccups

Why did we get hiccups?

Hiccups are involuntary contractions of the diaphragm, the muscle that connects your chest and abdomen and controls your breathing. Each contraction is followed by an abrupt closing of your vocal cords, resulting in the “hic” sound. A heavy meal, alcoholic or carbonated beverages, or abrupt excitement might cause hiccups.

Why did we get hiccups?

Hiccups can occur for a variety of reasons, some of which are medical and others which are emotional. Because the irritation occurs in the nerve that connects the brain to the diaphragm, this is the case. Among the most common causes are:

  • Overeating or eating too soon
  • Feeling nervous or excited
  • Carbonated beverages or excessive alcohol consumption
  • Stress
  • A quick temperature change
  • Sucking air while chewing gum or sucking on candy
science behind hiccups
Science behind hiccups


Chronic Hiccups
Hiccups are normally only transitory, however they might last a long time in unusual circumstances. The nerves that link to the diaphragm are frequently damaged or aggravated. These nerves can be damaged by anything from a hair contacting your eardrum to a sore throat, and in more extreme situations, a tumor, goiter, or cyst in the neck.
Hiccups that continue a long time can be caused by CNS conditions like encephalitis or meningitis, as well as metabolic disorders like diabetes or renal failure. Long-term hiccups can also be caused by drugs like steroids or tranquilizers. Even certain operations, particularly those requiring anesthetic, might cause hiccups. Make an appointment with your doctor if you’ve been hiccupping for more than two days, or if they’re severe enough to interfere with eating, breathing, sleeping, or causing you distress.
Also, if you have stomach pain, fever, shortness of breath, vomiting, or cough up blood with your hiccups, see your doctor right away. Hiccups can sometimes indicate an underlying medical issue. A case of hiccups normally lasts only a few minutes for most people. Hiccups might last for months in rare cases. This might lead to weight loss as well as tiredness. Hiccups can be inconvenient, but they’re usually only temporary. Some patients, however, may have recurrent periods of persistent hiccups. Chronic hiccups, also known as persistent hiccups, are characterized as episodes lasting more than 48 hours.

A hiccup is a reflex at its most fundamental level. It occurs when your diaphragm contracts suddenly, causing your chest and belly muscles to shake. The glottis, or the part of your throat that contains your voice chords, then closes. This produces the sounds of air being released from your lungs, or the involuntary “hic” sound associated with hiccups.

How to make it go away?

If your hiccups don’t go away after a few minutes, try one of the following home remedies:

  • For one minute, gargle with ice water. The cool water will help to relieve any diaphragm inflammation.
  • Take a little bite of ice.
  • Slowly inhale into a paper bag. This causes your diaphragm to relax when the carbon dioxide in your lungs rises.
  • Take a deep breath. This also contributes to the rise in carbon dioxide levels.
  • There is no assurance that these solutions will work because there is no clear technique to stop hiccups, although they may be useful for some people.
  • If you frequently experience hiccups, eating smaller meals and avoiding carbonated beverages and gassy foods may be beneficial.

If the symptoms persist, speak with your doctor. Make a note of when your hiccups appear and for how long they linger. Relaxation training, hypnosis, or acupuncture are examples of alternative or complementary treatments to consider.

At Last, Hiccups can be annoying and uncomfortable, but they’re usually nothing to be concerned about. If they’re frequent or persistent, though, there could be an underlying disease that requires medical treatment. Consult your doctor if your hiccups don’t go away after 48 hours, are severe enough to interfere with everyday activities, or appear to be happening more regularly.

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